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Draft Core Strategy and Policies Focused Review

Ended on the 10 March 2014
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(1) APPENDIX 7

GLOSSARY

Abbreviation Term in full Definition

Adoption

The final confirmation of a plan as a statutory document by the local planning authority.

Affordable Housing

Affordable housing includes social rented INSERTED:affordable rent and intermediate housing, provided to specified eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.

Amenity

Pleasantness of a place or circumstance. For planning purposes residential amenity is usually taken to include attributes such as privacy, access to daylight and sunlight, and absence of noise pollution. It does not include property values.

AMR

Annual INSERTED:Authority Monitoring Report

Reports DELETED:submitted to Government on progress with preparing the Local INSERTED:Plan DELETED:Development Framework and the extent to which policies are being achieved.

AA

Appropriate Assessment

An appropriate assessment, also known as a habitat regulations assessment, is the process of considering emerging policies against the habitats directive.

AAP

Area Action Plan

A type of development plan document relating to specific areas of major opportunity and change or conservation.

AONB

Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty

A site with a statutory national landscape designation to provide special protection for the area's natural beauty. Designated by INSERTED:Natural England DELETED:the Countryside Agency, the primary objective is to conserve the natural beauty of the landscape.

Biodiversity

The variety of life on earth or in a specified region or area.

BAP

Biodiversity Action Plan

It is the UK Government’s response to signing the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. The plan sets out a programme for conserving the UK’s biodiversity, at national and local levels. The Suffolk Local Biodiversity Action Plan (Suffolk LBAP) is applicable for the county of Suffolk.

BfL INSERTED:12

Building for Life INSERTED:12

Building for life is a partnership between several national agencies, which sets standard for well-designed homes and neighbourhoods. It is led by CABE INSERTED:at the Design Council, Design for Homes and the Home Builders Federation.

BREEAM

Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method

It is a tool that allows the owners, users and designers of buildings to review and improve environmental performance throughout the life of a building.

BID

Business Improvement District

It is a public-private partnership in which businesses in a defined area elect to pay an additional tax in order to fund improvements to the district's public realm and trading environment. In Ipswich the BID is called Ipswich Central.

CRed

Carbon Reduction

Community Carbon Reduction Project is based in the East of England and is addressing the biggest environmental challenge of Climate Change. CRed is building a community of partners who are deciding how they want to cut their emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) to meet a target of 60% reduction by 2025.

Circular

A Government publication setting out policy approaches.

CfSH

Code for Sustainable Homes

It is a national standard for key elements of design and construction, which affect the sustainability of a new home. It is used by home designers and builders as a guide to development, and by home buyers to assist in their choice of home.

CABE

Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment

CABE was until 31st March 2011 a statutory body sponsored by the Government. On 1st April 2011 it was merged with the Design Council, to become an advisor on design in business innovation and the built environment.

CIL

Community Infrastructure Levy

Local authorities will be empowered to set a charge for most developments, through a simple formula related to the scale and type of scheme. The proceeds of the levy must be spent on local and sub-regional infrastructure to support the development of the area.

Community Strategy

Strategy for promoting the economic, environmental and social well-being of the area and contributing to the achievement of Borough wide sustainable development.

Comparison shopping

Comparison retailing is the provision of items not obtained on a frequent basis. These include clothing, footwear, household and recreational goods.

Convenience shopping

Convenience retailing is the provision of everyday essential items, including food, drinks, newspapers/magazines and confectionery.

Curtilage

It is the enclosed area of land around a dwelling. It is distinct from the dwelling by virtue of lacking a roof, but distinct from the area outside the enclosure in that it is enclosed within a wall or barrier of some sort.

Density of residential development

High density refers to new housing development of at least 90 dwellings per hectare (dph) (the average will be taken as 110 dph). Medium density refers to new housing development of at least 40 dph (the average will be taken as 45 dph). Low density refers to new housing development under 40 dph (the average will be taken as 35 dph).

Development brief

Document providing detailed information to guide developers on the type of development, design and layout constraints and other requirements for a particular, usually substantial, site.

Development Plan

Documents setting out the policies and proposals for the development and use of land and buildings. DELETED:Under the new planning system it comprises the Regional Spatial Strategy and Development Plan Documents.

DPD

Development Plan Document

A local development document in the Local INSERTED:Plan DELETED:Development Framework which forms part of the statutory development plan. The Core Strategy and Policies is a DPD.

Edge of centre

For retail purposes it is a location that is well connected to and within easy walking distance (up to 300 metres) of the primary shopping area.

For all other town centre uses, it is likely to be within 300m of a town centre boundary.

For office uses, it may also mean outside the town centre but within 500m of a public transport interchange, within the urban area.

Geodiversity

The variety of rocks, fossils, minerals, landforms and soils along with the natural processes that shape the landscape.

Green Infrastructure

Sub regional network of protected sites, nature reserves, green spaces and greenway linkages, including river corridors and flood plains, migration routes and features of the landscape, which are important as wildlife corridors.

Green roof

The term to describe both intensive ornamental roof gardens and extensive roofs with more naturalistic plantings or self-established vegetation, which can provide a habitat for biodiversity.

Greenways Project

Countryside Management Project for Ipswich and the surrounding area.

IP-One

Central part of Ipswich including the town centre, the Waterfront, Ipswich Village and the Education Quarter.

Ipswich Standard

A standard applied to all housing owned by Ipswich Borough Council. It includes energy efficiency measures such as efficient combi boilers, double glazing and insulation.

Key Diagram

The key diagram illustrates the spatial strategy set out in the DPD and may show links and relationships with other strategies and neighbouring authorities.

Key Worker

The Government’s definition of key workers includes those groups eligible for the Key Worker Living Programme and others employed within the public sector (ie outside of this programme) identified by the Regional Housing Board for assistance.

Listed Building

A building or structure designated by the Secretary of State for the Department of Culture, Media, and Sport as being of special architectural or historical interest.

LAA

Local Area Agreement

A Local Area Agreement (LAA) is normally a three year agreement, based on the SCS vision, that sets out improvement targets for the priorities of a local area. The agreement is made between Central Government and local authorities and their partners on the LSP.

LDD

Local Development Document

A general term for a document in the Local INSERTED:Plan DELETED:Development Framework. It includes the Core Strategy and Policies and other development plan documents, and supplementary planning documents.

LNR

Local Nature Reserve

Sites of special natural interest which are designated under the National parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

LPA

Local Planning Authority

The Local Authority that is empowered by law to exercise planning functions. Normally this is the Borough or District Council.

LSP

Local Strategic Partnership

A local strategic partnership is a partnership of stakeholders who develop ways of involving local people in shaping the future of their neighbourhood in how services are provided. They are often single, multi-agency bodies, which aim to bring together locally the public, private, community and voluntary sectors.

Mixed Use Development

A well integrated mix of land uses (retail, employment, leisure and other service uses) with decent homes of different types and tenures to support a range of household sizes, ages and incomes.

INSERTED:NPPF

INSERTED:National Planning Policy Framework

INSERTED:This document sets out the Government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. It provides a framework within which local and neighbourhood plans can be produced. (NPPF, 2012, p.1)

Open space, sport, and recreational facilities

These are shown in Table 10 of Appendix 6.

Out of centre

In retailing terms, a location that is not in or on the edge of a centre but not necessarily outside the urban area.

INSERTED:Passive House

INSERTED:A passive house (or Passivhaus) uses the principles of high levels of insulation, avoiding all cold bridging, very good air tightness, and maximising solar gains in an attempt to reduce annual heat demands so that mechanical ventilation and heat recovery systems can be utilised for heating homes, rather than conventional heating systems, which can be omitted.

Place shaping

'Place shaping' is the name the government gives to the role that local authorities have in leading their communities, creating prosperity and fostering local identity and civic pride. It involves working with the local public, voluntary, community and private sectors to develop coordinated strategies to tackle the area's problems, needs and ambitions.

Planning Application

An application for permission from the local planning authority to commence building work or change of use of buildings.

Planning Permission

Approval required for the development of land from the local planning authority.

PPG

Planning Policy Guidance Note

Government documents providing policy and guidance on a range of planning issues such as housing, transport, conservation etc. PPGs INSERTED:were DELETED:are currently being replaced by Planning Policy Statements INSERTED:, which have now been replaced by the National Planning Policy Framework.

PPS

Planning Policy Statement

Government documents INSERTED:that were replacing PPGs and INSERTED:were designed to separate policy from wider guidance issues. INSERTED:These have replaced by the NPPF.

INSERTED:Policies Map

INSERTED:An obligatory component of a local plan showing the location of proposals in the plan on an Ordnance Survey base map for new development plan documents. These were previously referred to as a Proposals Map

PDL

Previously Developed Land

It is land that is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land and any associated fixed surface infrastructure.

Primary Frontage

Primary frontages are lengths of shop frontage within a defined shopping centre (e.g. the Central Shopping Area) that are likely to include the highest proportion of retail uses.

INSERTED:Primary Shopping Area

INSERTED:Defined area where retail development is concentrated, comprising the primary and secondary shopping frontages.

Proposals Map

An obligatory component of a local plan showing the location of proposals in the plan on an Ordnance Survey base map. INSERTED:The Ipswich Local Plan (1997) and the Core Strategy and Policies DPD (2011) both have a Proposals Map. The Government now refers to new Proposals Maps as Policies Maps.

Public examination

The process by which an independent Planning Inspector publicly examines the soundness of a DPD and any representations made against it before issuing a DELETED:bindingreport.

Ramsar Site

Wetlands of global importance, listed under the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (signed in Ramsar, Iran).

Regeneration

Renewal, rehabilitation of former derelict or under used sites.

DELETED:RSS

DELETED:Regional Spatial Strategy

DELETED:Statutory regional planning policy forming part of the Development Plan and prepared by the regional planning body. The Local Development Framework must be in conformity with the RSS.

RIGS

Regionally important geological or geomorphological site

Sites identified for their geological or geomorphological interest according to certain criteria. They are protected through the statutory development plan.

Retail Frontages

A term given to areas within the Town Centre where shopping is the primary function. The front of the shops facing the street is used to calculate the retail frontages within the INSERTED:Core Strategy and DELETED:Development Control Policies DPD.

Secondary Frontage

Secondary frontages are lengths of shop frontage within a defined shopping centre (e.g. the Central Shopping Area) where there is more opportunity for a diversity of uses than in primary frontages.

SSSI

Site of Special Scientific Interest

An area of land which, in the opinion of English Nature, is of special interest at a national level due to its flora, fauna or geological or physiographical features.

Soundness

Soundness means founded on a robust and credible evidence base and the most appropriate strategy when considered against the reasonable alternatives. For something to be sound is must also be deliverable, flexible and able to be monitored.

Spatial Planning

Spatial planning goes beyond traditional land use planning to bring together and integrate policies for the development and use of land with other policies and programmes which influence the nature of places and how they function. This will include policies which can impact on land use, for example, by influencing the demands on or needs for development, but which are not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting of planning permission and may be delivered through other means. (PPS 1 ODPM, 2004, pp3).

SAC

Special Area of Conservation

Sites of European importance for nature conservation designated under the Conservation of Natural Habitats and Wild Flora and Fauna Directive.

SPA

Special Protection Area

Sites of European importance for nature conservation designated under the Conservation of Wild Birds Directive.

Speciality Frontage

Speciality frontages are lengths of shop frontage within a defined shopping centre (e.g. the Central Shopping Area) where there is the greatest diversity of uses, particularly including food and drink uses, alongside clusters of specialist retailers.

SCI

Statement of Community Involvement

A document which sets out the standards to be achieved in involving the community and other stakeholders in the preparation, alteration and review of local development documents and in significant development INSERTED:management DELETED:control decisions.

SEA

Strategic Environmental Assessment

A strategic environment assessment is a generic term used to describe environmental assessment as applied to policies, plans and programmes. The European SEA directive (2001/42/EC) requires a formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes, including those in the field of planning and land use.

Submission

The stage of preparation of a development plan document covered by INSERTED:Regulation 22 of the Town and Country Planning (Local Planning) (England) Regulations 2012 DELETED:Regulation 30 of the Town and Country Planning (Local Development) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2008. It involves submitting a DPD to the Secretary of State.

SPD

Supplementary Planning Document

A local development document that provides further detail of policies in the development plan documents or of saved local plan policies. They do not have development plan status.

SPG

Supplementary Planning Guidance

Providing additional guidance expanding policies in a local plan. SPGs will remain relevant where they are linked to saved policies but will ultimately be replaced by supplementary planning documents.

SuDS

Sustainable Drainage Systems

A sequence of management practices and control structures designed to drain water in a more sustainable manner than some conventional techniques. Typically these are used to attenuate run-off from development sites.

SA

Sustainability Appraisal

Identifies and evaluates social, environmental and economic effects of strategies and policies in a local development document from the outset of the preparation process. It incorporates the requirements of the Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Directive.

Sustainable Development

Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

Town Centre Uses

Town Centre uses are defined in INSERTED:the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) DELETED:Planning Policy Statement 4 (PPS4) and include retail, leisure, entertainment, intensive sport and recreation, offices, arts, culture and tourism uses.

Tests of Soundness

Statutory Local Development Documents are subject to an Examination in Public by an Inspector appointed by the Secretary of State. The purpose of the Examination is to assess whether the document is 'sound'. This means that those who wish to make a representation seeking a change to the document will need to show how that document is unsound and what needs to be done to make it sound. In order to assess this, the Inspector will assess the document against certain 'Tests of Soundness'. The purpose is to ensure that the whole plan is 'sound' in relation to all the legal and policy criteria it has to meet.

Urban fringe

Predominantly open land on the edge of an existing urban area.

Use Classes Order

The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 and subsequent amendments.

Uses are defined as follows:

A1 Shops

A2 Financial and Professional Services

A3 Restaurants and cafes

A4 Drinking establishments

A5 Hot food takeaways

B1 Business INSERTED:(Offices (other than those that fall within A2), research and development of products and processes, light industry)

B2 General industrial

B8 Storage or distribution

C1 Hotels

C2 Residential Institutions

INSERTED:C2A Secure Residential Institutions

C3 Dwellinghouses

INSERTED:C4 Houses in multiple occupation

D1 Non-residential institutions

D2 Assembly and Leisure

Sui generis - uses not covered by the above including theatres, DELETED:scrap yards, petrol filling stations, amusement centres, INSERTED:launderettes and taxi businesses.

TABLE 11: List of organisations DELETED: / Government agencies

Abbreviation Term in full
DELETED:EERA DELETED:East of England Regional Assembly
DELETED:GO East DELETED:Government Office for the East of England
SNC Suffolk New College
SCC Suffolk County Council
UCS University Campus Suffolk
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